Serge Haroche was born on September 11, 1944 in Casablanca, Morocco.

Haroche worked in the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) as a research scientist from 1967 to 1975, and spent a year (1972–1973) as a visiting post-doc in Stanford University. In 1975 he moved to a professor position at Paris VI University. At the same time he taught at the École Polytechnique , Harvard University , Yale University and Conservatoire national des arts et métiers. He was head of the Physics department at the École Normale Supérieure from 1994 to 2000. Since 2001, Haroche has been a Professor at the Collège de France and holds the Chair of Quantum Physics.

Haroche was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2012, together with the American physicist David Wineland, for their work regarding measurement and manipulation of individual quantum systems.

Serge Haroche delivered the G.P. Birla Distinguished Lecture “How Questions About Light Have Changed Our Vision of the World and Revolutionized Our Daily Lives” on January 08, 2016.